Co-production, Labour history and social care: fact and fiction!


 “The term co-production itself dates from the 1970s, a time when movements to challenge professional power and increase citizen participation in community affairs coincided with efforts to reduce public spending”. Needham and Carr (2009)


It is surprising how easily history can be re-written, especially with limited awareness and understanding of the Co-operative Movement and the work of Robert Owen.

What is not generally known is that the word Co-operation was invented around 1817 by pioneers like Robert Owen to describe a vision of worker and community self-management in relation to ‘Villages of Co-operation’ and ‘Mutuality. Operatives were factory workers.

Dr William King, of Brighton, was an equally important pioneer whose practical ideas of improvement by giving a dividend to members who joined, based on their purchases, saw it rapidly spread. Co-operatives were the radical vision for practical ways for changing people’s lives, for both workers and consumers.

 ‘Co-production’ has also been used by Edgar Cahn (USA) to describe his work on time banks. But as we reminded Edgar some time ago, Owen proposed time banks in the 1820s as did Josiah Warren (USA) with the Time store he set up in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1827.

What is not clearly understood is that co-operatives arise when people decide to take control of their own affairs by joining together to do so. Co-operatives are an extention of democracy and a method of providing quality services to meet members needs. It has proved its worth in many countries over the past 160 years and is one of the UK's best inventions.

Alongside Welsh Co-Production colleagues, we are pleased to be attending a Scottish Co-production meeting in Edinburgh on 6 and 7th December 2012.

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Hilda Smith: a tribute by the Chair of the S Wales Area Committee, the Co-operative, 9 April 2013

As I’m sure you are all aware - with the death of Hilda Smith last month at the great age of 94 - Co-operation has lost a great advocate and worker. Hilda was a former member of this Committee and in such circumstances members would normally take the opportunity of a Committee meeting to pay tributes.

Our circumstances on this occasion are rather different as we have Hilda’s son David as one of our current members.

David has intimated to me that he has been very touched and moved by all the letters and cards of sympathy he has received from Co-operative colleagues expressing sadness at Hilda’s passing and for the wonderful contributions she has made.

He does not feel that he could emotionally cope with a series of tributes this evening and in these circumstances what I propose to do, as Chair, is to make a SINGLE tribute on behalf of us all, followed by a period of silence during which we can all privately reflect on Hilda as a person and a co-operator.

I have known Hilda for getting on for 20 years –not as long as some on this Committee have known her – but still a long time. When she joined the South Wales Committee of the Co-operative Group, I think in 2009, she must have been by a long stretch, its oldest “new” member, although she had been a member of many co-op committees before.

She was very active in what can now be seen as a golden age of Co-operation in the 1930’s and was particularly engaged in the campaigning illustrated in the wonderful films of the London Co-operative Society, with themes of Internationalism, Education Pacifism and Feminism. We have to remember, Hilda was not all that far behind the Pankhurst’s and she was born just after the ending of the First World War.

As many of us know, Hilda was completely passionate about what she believed in and was always a strong advocate for the same.  She was always a master of her brief and fastidious in studying her papers and making reasoned and detailed contributions.

She had a powerful intellect but was still very interested in making practical observations about what a store should stock, what services it should give to the customers/ members and how they could be engaged at shop level.

I remember her observing back in the early days of Recession, that the support work of the Co-operative Group, through such things as the Community Divided Fund would become far more vital, as Public Expenditure Cuts bite and she is being proven right.

To think when she arrived in South Wales in 1986, she did not come for a rest, because at the age of 76, she set about with vigour in a whole new co-operative and mutual scene.

 She was instrumental in establishing the Newport University of the Third Age, The Wales Food Alliance- together with David – which had a number of collaborations with the Group. She was a member of the WG Older Persons Advisory Committee and made a considerable contribution to policy formulation. Of late she has been engaged in modelling social enterprises to deliver home care.

I last saw Hilda at the Members meeting last year at St Fagan’s, when the meeting was somewhat hijacked by Disability Rights Protesters.  I will remember her contribution for a very long time. She was not prepared to sit idly by but rose to make an impassioned speech about how Co-operatives had been at the forefront of protecting and promoting the rights of the disabled for getting on for 100 years.

David, Hilda was highly principled, creative, dynamic not just a thinker and dreamer about the Co-operative Commonwealth but who has actually contributed to help make it happen over 60 or 70 years.

We are all the better for knowing her and she has left you with much to live up to!

Brian Rees

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